Trade diversion and labor market adjustment: Vietnam and the U.S.-China trade war
Abstract: This paper investigates the effects of the U.S.-China trade war on trade diversion and the labor market in a third country, Vietnam. We exploit variation in Vietnamese exports to the U.S. across industries and districts based on the extent of the unexpected and exogenous U.S. tariff hikes on Chinese imports and provide evidence of an indirect effect on labor market outcomes in Vietnam. Vietnamese workers and districts that are more exposed to the trade war display
higher employment, working hours, and wages as a result of the U.S.-China trade war. Our findings reveal that bilateral trade policies can have substantial offsetting effects on trade flows and labor markets in third countries.