Doing “Bad” Because of “Good” Values: When Scientific Values Lead to the Tolerance of Scholarly Misconduct
|Speaker:||Manuel J. Vaulont, HKUST Business School at The Hong Kong University of Science and Technology|
|Date:||Wednesday 13 October 2021|
|Location:||Online via Zoom (link available from T.Crowford@exeter.ac.uk)|
Bio: Manuel J. Vaulont is an assistant professor of management at HKUST Business School at The Hong Kong University of Science and Technology. Manuel received his Ph.D. in management from Arizona State University. His research interests focus on leadership, teams, and alternative work arrangements. Manuel’s research has been accepted for publication at Academy of Management Journal, Journal of Applied Psychology, Organizational Behavior and Human Decision Processes, and Organizational Research Methods. He won the 2020 Best Student Conference Paper Award of AOM’s Research Methods Division.
Abstract: Significant research has been devoted to how values motivate people to engage in value- congruent behavior. The present work illuminates the opposite idea, namely that values may motivate people to engage in value-incongruent behavior. Drawing from the concept of pluralistic ignorance, we build theory on how the identification with a set of values may propel individuals to feel distanced from their environment and create pressure to conform to the norms of their environment. In an empirical study, we make use of the university context to examine how identification with scientific values may result in researchers perceiving a distance between their own ethicality and their colleagues’ ethicality, which may ultimately propel them to tolerate the ethical misconduct of their colleagues. We test and find support for our study hypotheses by surveying 234 STEM researchers in university labs and workgroups across three waves. We discuss theoretical and practical implications of our work illuminating how the emphasis on values may result in deleterious consequences for organizations.