On the concentration of innovation in top cities in the digital age.
SITE (Science, Innovation, Technology, and Entrepreneurship)
|Speaker:||Dr Caroline Paunov, OECD|
|Date:||Thursday 11 June 2020|
This paper investigates how digital technologies have shaped the concentration of inventive activity in cities across 30 OECD countries. It finds that patenting is highly concentrated: from 2010 to 2014, 10% of cities accounted for 64% of patent applications to the European Patent Office, with the top five (Tokyo, Seoul, San Francisco, Higashiosaka and Paris) representing 21.8% of applications. The share of the top cities in total patenting increased modestly from 1995 to 2014. Digital technology patent applications are more concentrated in top cities than applications in other technology fields. In the United States, which has led digital technology deployment, the concentration of patent applications in top cities increased more than in Japan and Europe over the two decades. Econometric results confirm that digital technology relates positively to patenting activities in cities and that it benefits top cities, in particular, thereby strengthening the concentration of innovation in these cities.
Caroline Paunov is Senior Economist at the Directorate for Science, Technology, and Industry of the OECD. She is also managing the OECD’s “Innovation for Inclusive Growth” project. Caroline also leads work on assessing the impacts of public research policy (http://oe.cd/assess-public-research) and on evaluating the impacts of national intellectual property rights on innovation (http://oe.cd/ip-studies). Her research work has been published in leading academic journals, including the Review of Economics and Statistics, the Journal of Development Economics, the Canadian Journal of Economics, Research Policy and World Development. Previously, Caroline worked for the World Bank, the United Nations and cooperated on various projects for the public sectors in Brazil, Spain and Germany. She holds a B.A. and M.A. (Hons) from the University of Oxford, a M.Sc. from the University Pompeu Fabra and a Ph.D. in Economics from the University of London.