CSAM Seminar - Humanitarian logistics in disaster management: A Retrospective Investigation into Casuality Collection Points in the Context of the 1994 Bhopal Gas Tragedy
|Speaker:||Dr. Amiri-Aref Mehdi , Assistant Professor of Supply Chain Management at Kedge Business School|
|Date: ||Thursday 17 May 2018|
|Time: ||11:00 - 12:00|
|Location: ||WSL 234|
Severe weather events, natural and human-made disasters have displaced millions globally and, according to the IPCC, the numbers are projected to continue rising. This has led to an increasing number of studies on disaster management problems. The focus of our work is on disaster operations management, a field of study relating to incidences that qualify as sudden and devastating occurrences that severely impact the affected population, and thereby necessitating a series of activities performed to mitigate the impact.
In this work, we propose a multi-period casualty response planning from the affected areas to safer places through temporary casualty collection points (CCPs). Our proposed framework helps us with strategic 'before the event' decision making, as also, operational planning during the disaster. Strategic decisions include the number and location of CCPs, capacity allocations, assignment of affected areas to established CCPs, hospitals assignments to the established CCPs, and resource locations. Planning decisions comprise casualty triage, registration, medical treatment, and transportation. To handle inherent uncertainty relating to a disaster, for example, severity and proximity to population centres, we propose, (a) the mass evacuation of the affected population to open-space locations for establishing emergency CCPs, and (b) public/private vehicles to transport mass casualty flows. We use the example of the 1984 Bhopal Gas tragedy and perform computational investigations to illustrate proficiency of the proposed model in gaining effective solutions.