Immigrant franchise and immigration policy: Evidence from the Progressive Era
|Speaker:||Giovanni Facchini, University of Nottingham|
|Date: ||Friday 7 October 2016|
|Location: ||Matrix Lecture Theatre, Building One|
We study the role played by foreign born U.S. citizens in shaping migration policy between 1897-1924. Using a novel district level dataset, we find systematic evidence that this constituency supported an open door policy. At the same time, more stringent residency requirements led to a decline in the election turnout rates of naturalized Americans, and thus in their ability to affect congressmen immigration stance. Our analysis highlights also the importance of the electoral booth: congressmen were responsive to the immigrant constituency only if they were elected in a close race, or if they were not already ideologically committed to an open door policy.