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Professor Sarah Hartley

Professor Sarah Hartley

Associate Professor

3515

+44 (0) 1392 723515

0.60
Streatham Court, University of Exeter, Rennes Drive, Exeter, EX4 4PU, UK

I joined the Business school in 2016 as Senior Lecturer in Management. i'm is an interdisciplinary social scientist working closely with natural scientists, engineers, regulators and policy-makers. My research and teaching revolves around the responsible governance of science, technology and innovation . I employ qualitative methods to understand the governance of cutting edge emerging technologies, particularly the biotechnologies including GM insects, gene drive, and genome-editing. much of my focus in recent years has been on risk assessment and  responsible research and innovation at a policy and institutional level. i have advised the House of Lords Select Committee on Science and Technology on GM insects, the Nuffield Council on Bioethics on genome-editing, and the Biotechnology and Biological Sciences Research Council on stakeholder engagement.

I have a PhD in Politics and Environmental Studies with a specialisation in Public Policy from the University of Toronto 2005., an MSc (distinction) in European Social Policy Analysis and a BSc (first class) in Environmental Management and Policy. After My PhD, I took up a professional position at Genome British Columbia, a Canadian funding agency where I established an interdisciplinary social science research programme in genomics and engaged policy-makers, industry and other stakeholders to explore the role of genomics in addressing societal challenges.

In 2021/22, I’m a Visiting Professor at the Institute for Resources, Environment and Sustainability (IRES), University of British Columbia in Vancouver.

Administrative responsibilities

  • Member, University of Exeter Public Engagement Strategic Advisory Group

Research interests

I am a social scientist researching gene drive technology and highly published in this research space. I collaborate with many of themolecular biologists, modellers and entomologists at the cutting edge of gene drive technology and advise developers, policy-makers and regulators, provide talks, and convene meetings on gene drive governance internationally. 

I am the Associate Editor of the Journal of Responsible Innovation. 

Research projects

Co-Investigator, Economic and Social Research Council (2022 – 2027) Advancing Capacity for Climate and Environment Social Science (ACCESS) PI – Patrick Devine-Wright (Geography)

Co-Investigator, Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (2021-2026) The DIGIT Lab, PI - Alan Brown (SITE).

Principal Investigator, Global Challenges Research Fund Facilitation Fund (2021) Strengthening gene drive governance for malaria control in Africa

Principal InvestigatorBritish Academy Knowledge Frontiers Call (2020-2022) Inclusive and international risk assessment: Building a framework for gene drive organisms through collaboration

Principal Investigator, The QUEX Institute (2019) Global gene drive governance for climate adaptation and conservation

Principal InvestigatorThe Wellcome Trust (2019) Talking about gene drive: An exploration of language to enable understanding and deliberation in Africa, Europe, North America and Australasia

Co-InvestigatorUK Research and Innovation AI CDT Call (2018) Environmental Intelligence: AI & Data Science for Sustainable Futures, PI - Gavin Shaddick (Mathematics)

Principal InvestigatorBritish Academy Knowledge Frontiers Call (2018) Co-developing risk assessment across disciplines and borders: Gene drive mosquito field trials in Uganda

Principal Investigator, British Academy Knowledge Frontiers Call (2017) Co-producing Knowledge Co-production across disciplines and borders: The case of gene drive mosquitoes in the UK and Mali.

CollaboratorResearch Council of Norway Forskerprosjekt - SAMKUL (2017) ReWrite: New knowledge to navigate the rewriting of human/nature relations through genome editing in the search for sustainable food, PI - Fern Wickson (GenØk Center for Biosafety, Tromso, Norway),

 

Key publications | Publications by category | Publications by year

Publications by category


Books

Nerlich B, Hartley S, Raman S, Smith A (eds)(2018). Science and the Politics of Openness: Here be Monsters. Abstract.
Brunk CG, Hartley S (eds)(2012). Designer Animals Mapping the Issues in Animal Biotechnology., University of Toronto Press. Abstract.

Journal articles

Devine-Wright P, Whitmarsh L, Gaterslaben B, O’Neill S, Hartley S, Burningham K, Sovacool B, Barr S, Anable J (In Press). Placing people at the heart of climate action. PLOS Climate
Hartley S, Taitingfong R, Fidelman P (In Press). The principles driving gene drives for conservation. Environmental Science and Policy
Stelmach A, Nerlich B, Hartley S (2022). Gene Drives in the U.K. U.S. and Australian Press (2015–2019): How a New Focus on Responsibility is Shaping Science Communication. Science Communication, 44(2), 143-168. Abstract. DOI.
Russell AW, Stelmach A, Hartley S, Carter L, Raman S (2022). Opening up, closing down, or leaving ajar? How applications are used in engaging with publics about gene drive. Journal of Responsible Innovation Abstract. DOI.
Hartley S, Kokotovich A, McCalman C (2022). Prescribing engagement in environmental risk assessment for gene drive technology. Regulation and Governance Abstract. DOI.
Connolly JB, Mumford JD, Glandorf DCM, Hartley S, Lewis OT, Evans SW, Turner G, Beech C, Sykes N, Coulibaly MB, et al (2022). Recommendations for environmental risk assessment of gene drive applications for malaria vector control. Malaria Journal, 21(1). Abstract. DOI.
Hartley S, Ledingham K, Owen R, Leonelli S, Diarra S, Diop S (2021). Experimenting with co-development: a qualitative study of gene drive research for malaria control in Mali. Social Science and Medicine, 276 DOI.
Smith RDJ, Hartley S, Middleton P, Jewitt T (2021). Knowing when to talk? Plant genome editing as a site for pre-engagement institutional reflexivity. Public Understanding of Science DOI.
Kjeldaas S, Antonsen T, Hartley S, Myhr AI (2021). Public consultation on proposed revisions to norway’s gene technology act: an analysis of the consultation framing, stakeholder concerns and the integration of non-safety considerations. Sustainability (Switzerland), 13(14). Abstract. DOI.
Hartley S, Smith RDJ, Kokotovich A, Opesen C, Habtewold T, Ledingham K, Raymond B, Rwabukwali CB (2021). Ugandan stakeholder hopes and concerns about gene drive mosquitoes for malaria control: new directions for gene drive risk governance. Malaria Journal, 20 DOI.
Long KC, Alphey L, Annas GJ, Bloss CS, Campbell KJ, Champer J, Chen C-H, Choudhary A, Church GM, Collins JP, et al (2020). Core commitments for field trials of gene drive organisms. Science, 370(6523), 1417-1419. Abstract. DOI.
Hadley Kershaw E, Hartley S, McLeod C, Polson P (2020). The Sustainable Path to a Circular Bioeconomy. Trends in Biotechnology, 39(6), 542-545. DOI.
Ledingham K, Hartley S (2020). Transformation and slippage in co-production ambitions for global technology development: the case of gene drive. Environmental Science and Policy DOI.
Welsh C, Pike L, Elliott J, Bailey J, Quintin-Baxendale R, Billington J, Matousek A, Matthews C, Dumitrescu D, Murphy JF, et al (2020). Why is it so hard to enact responsible change?: Scientists need to work more closely with other social groups to implement sustainable innovation. EMBO Rep, 21(4). Abstract.  Author URL. DOI.
Hartley S, McLeod C, Clifford M, Jewitt S, Ray C (2019). A retrospective analysis of responsible innovation for low-technology innovation in the Global South. Journal of Responsible Innovation, 6(2), 143-162. Abstract. DOI.
Thizy D, Emerson C, Gibbs J, Hartley S, Kapiriri L, Lavery J, Lunshof J, Ramsey J, Shapiro J, Singh J, et al (2019). Guidance on stakeholder engagement practices to inform the development of area-wide vector control methods. PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases DOI.
Rosemann A, Balen A, Nerlich B, Hauskeller C, Sleeboom‐Faulkner M, Hartley S, Zhang X, Lee N (2019). Heritable Genome Editing in a Global Context: National and International Policy Challenges. Hastings Center Report, 49(3) DOI.
Hartley S, Thizy D, Ledingham K, Coulibaly M, Diabaté A, Dicko D, Diop S, Kayondo J, Namukwaya A, Nourou B, et al (2019). Knowledge engagement in gene drive research for malaria control. PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases DOI.
Helliwell R, Hartley S, Pearce W (2019). NGO perspectives on the social and ethical dimensions of plant genome-editing. Agriculture and Human Values, 36(4), 779-791. Abstract. DOI.
De Graeff N, Jongsma KR, Johnston J, Hartley S, Bredenoord AL (2019). The ethics of genome editing in non-human animals: a systematic review of reasons reported in the academic literature. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences, 374(1772). Abstract. DOI.
Ribeiro B, Hartley S, Nerlich B, Jaspal R (2018). Media coverage of the Zika crisis in Brazil: the construction of a ‘war’ frame that masked social and gender inequalities. Social Science & Medicine, 200, 137-144. DOI.
Pearce W, Hartley S, Helliwell R, O'Neill L (2018). Reply to Tagliabue. EMBO reports, 19(4). DOI.
Wickson F, Preston C, Binimelis R, Herrero A, Hartley S, Wynberg R, Wynne B (2017). Addressing Socio-Economic and Ethical Considerations in Biotechnology Governance: the Potential of a New Politics of Care. Food Ethics, 1(2), 193-199. DOI.
Hartley S, Pearce W, Taylor A (2017). Against the tide of depoliticisation: the politics of research governance. Policy & Politics, 45(3), 361-377. Abstract. DOI.
Hyde R, Hartley S, Millar K (2017). European novel foods policy at a critical juncture: Drawing lessons for future Novel Food Regulation through a retrospective examination of Regulation EC 258/97. Food and Drug Law Journal, 72 (3), 472-505.
McLeod C, Hartley S (2017). Responsibility and Laboratory Animal Research Governance. Science, Technology, and Human Values
de Campos A, Hartley S, de Koning C, Lezaun J, Velho L (2017). Responsible innovation and political accountability: genetically modified mosquitoes in Brazil. Journal of Responsible Innovation, 4 (1), 5-23. DOI.
Helliwell R, Hartley S, Pearce W, O'Neill L (2017). Why are. <scp>NGO</scp>. s sceptical of genome editing?. EMBO reports, 18(12), 2090-2093. DOI.
Hartley S, Gillund F, van Hove L, Wickson F (2016). Essential Features of Responsible Governance of Agricultural Biotechnology. PLOS Biology, 14(5), e1002453-e1002453. DOI.
Pearce W, Hartley S, Nerlich B (2016). Transparency: issues are not that simple. Nature, 531(7592), 35-35. DOI.
Macnaghten P, Owen R, Stilgoe J, Wynne B, Azevedo A, Campo ALSD, Chilvers J, Dagnino R, Giulio GD, Frow E, et al (2015). Inovação responsável através de fronteiras: tensões, paradoxos e possibilidades. Teoria e Pesquisa, 24(2), 18-24. DOI.
Hartley S (2015). Policy masquerading as science: an examination of non-state actor involvement in European risk assessment policy for genetically modified animals. Journal of European Public Policy, 23(2), 276-295. DOI.
Macnaghten PM, Owen RJ, Stilgoe J, Wynne B (2014). Responsible innovation across borders: tensions, paradoxes and possibilities. Journal of Responsible Innovation, 1(2), 191-199. DOI.
Hartley S, Millar KM (2014). The Challenges of Consulting the Public on Science Policy: Examining the Development of European Risk Assessment Policy for Genetically Modified Animals. Review of Policy Research, 31(6), 481-502. DOI.
Hartley S, Scott DN (2006). Out-of-bounds? Resisting discursive limits in the debate over food biotechnology. Canadian Review of Social Policy
Hartley S, skogstad G (2005). Regulating genetically modified crops and foods in Canada and the United Kingdom: Democratizing risk regulation. Canadian Public Administration/Administration publique du Canada, 48(3), 305-327. DOI.

Chapters

Hartley S, Kokotovich A (2018). Disentangling risk assessment. In  (Ed) Science and the politics of openness. DOI.
Hartley S, Kokotovich A (2018). Disentangling risk assessment: New roles for experts and publics. In  (Ed) Science and the politics of openness, 176-194.
Nerlich B, Raman S, Hartley S, Smith ATT (2018). Introduction. In  (Ed) Science and the politics of openness, 1-20.
Hartley S (2016). The treatment of social and ethical concerns in policy responses to agricultural biotechnology: an historical analysis. In  (Ed) The intellectual property–regulatory complex: Overcoming barriers to innovation in agricultural genomics.
Brunk CG, Hartley S, Rodgers LC (2012). Focusing on the values in debates about animal biotechnology. In  (Ed) Designer animals: Mapping the issues in animal biotechnology.
Brunk C, Hartley S (2012). Issues of governance in animal biotechnology. In  (Ed) Designer animals: Mapping the issues in animal biotechnology.
Skogstad G, Hartley S (2007). Science and policy-making: the legitimation conundrum. In  (Ed) Public science in liberal democracy: the challenge to science and democracy.

Publications by year


In Press

Devine-Wright P, Whitmarsh L, Gaterslaben B, O’Neill S, Hartley S, Burningham K, Sovacool B, Barr S, Anable J (In Press). Placing people at the heart of climate action. PLOS Climate
Hartley S, Taitingfong R, Fidelman P (In Press). The principles driving gene drives for conservation. Environmental Science and Policy

2022

Stelmach A, Nerlich B, Hartley S (2022). Gene Drives in the U.K. U.S. and Australian Press (2015–2019): How a New Focus on Responsibility is Shaping Science Communication. Science Communication, 44(2), 143-168. Abstract. DOI.
Russell AW, Stelmach A, Hartley S, Carter L, Raman S (2022). Opening up, closing down, or leaving ajar? How applications are used in engaging with publics about gene drive. Journal of Responsible Innovation Abstract. DOI.
Hartley S, Kokotovich A, McCalman C (2022). Prescribing engagement in environmental risk assessment for gene drive technology. Regulation and Governance Abstract. DOI.
Connolly JB, Mumford JD, Glandorf DCM, Hartley S, Lewis OT, Evans SW, Turner G, Beech C, Sykes N, Coulibaly MB, et al (2022). Recommendations for environmental risk assessment of gene drive applications for malaria vector control. Malaria Journal, 21(1). Abstract. DOI.

2021

Hartley S, Ledingham K, Owen R, Leonelli S, Diarra S, Diop S (2021). Experimenting with co-development: a qualitative study of gene drive research for malaria control in Mali. Social Science and Medicine, 276 DOI.
Smith RDJ, Hartley S, Middleton P, Jewitt T (2021). Knowing when to talk? Plant genome editing as a site for pre-engagement institutional reflexivity. Public Understanding of Science DOI.
Kjeldaas S, Antonsen T, Hartley S, Myhr AI (2021). Public consultation on proposed revisions to norway’s gene technology act: an analysis of the consultation framing, stakeholder concerns and the integration of non-safety considerations. Sustainability (Switzerland), 13(14). Abstract. DOI.
Hartley S, Smith RDJ, Kokotovich A, Opesen C, Habtewold T, Ledingham K, Raymond B, Rwabukwali CB (2021). Ugandan stakeholder hopes and concerns about gene drive mosquitoes for malaria control: new directions for gene drive risk governance. Malaria Journal, 20 DOI.

2020

Long KC, Alphey L, Annas GJ, Bloss CS, Campbell KJ, Champer J, Chen C-H, Choudhary A, Church GM, Collins JP, et al (2020). Core commitments for field trials of gene drive organisms. Science, 370(6523), 1417-1419. Abstract. DOI.
Hadley Kershaw E, Hartley S, McLeod C, Polson P (2020). The Sustainable Path to a Circular Bioeconomy. Trends in Biotechnology, 39(6), 542-545. DOI.
Ledingham K, Hartley S (2020). Transformation and slippage in co-production ambitions for global technology development: the case of gene drive. Environmental Science and Policy DOI.
Welsh C, Pike L, Elliott J, Bailey J, Quintin-Baxendale R, Billington J, Matousek A, Matthews C, Dumitrescu D, Murphy JF, et al (2020). Why is it so hard to enact responsible change?: Scientists need to work more closely with other social groups to implement sustainable innovation. EMBO Rep, 21(4). Abstract.  Author URL. DOI.

2019

Hartley S, McLeod C, Clifford M, Jewitt S, Ray C (2019). A retrospective analysis of responsible innovation for low-technology innovation in the Global South. Journal of Responsible Innovation, 6(2), 143-162. Abstract. DOI.
Thizy D, Emerson C, Gibbs J, Hartley S, Kapiriri L, Lavery J, Lunshof J, Ramsey J, Shapiro J, Singh J, et al (2019). Guidance on stakeholder engagement practices to inform the development of area-wide vector control methods. PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases DOI.
Rosemann A, Balen A, Nerlich B, Hauskeller C, Sleeboom‐Faulkner M, Hartley S, Zhang X, Lee N (2019). Heritable Genome Editing in a Global Context: National and International Policy Challenges. Hastings Center Report, 49(3) DOI.
Hartley S, Thizy D, Ledingham K, Coulibaly M, Diabaté A, Dicko D, Diop S, Kayondo J, Namukwaya A, Nourou B, et al (2019). Knowledge engagement in gene drive research for malaria control. PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases DOI.
Helliwell R, Hartley S, Pearce W (2019). NGO perspectives on the social and ethical dimensions of plant genome-editing. Agriculture and Human Values, 36(4), 779-791. Abstract. DOI.
De Graeff N, Jongsma KR, Johnston J, Hartley S, Bredenoord AL (2019). The ethics of genome editing in non-human animals: a systematic review of reasons reported in the academic literature. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences, 374(1772). Abstract. DOI.

2018

Hartley S, Kokotovich A (2018). Disentangling risk assessment. In  (Ed) Science and the politics of openness. DOI.
Hartley S, Kokotovich A (2018). Disentangling risk assessment: New roles for experts and publics. In  (Ed) Science and the politics of openness, 176-194.
Nerlich B, Raman S, Hartley S, Smith ATT (2018). Introduction. In  (Ed) Science and the politics of openness, 1-20.
Ribeiro B, Hartley S, Nerlich B, Jaspal R (2018). Media coverage of the Zika crisis in Brazil: the construction of a ‘war’ frame that masked social and gender inequalities. Social Science & Medicine, 200, 137-144. DOI.
Pearce W, Hartley S, Helliwell R, O'Neill L (2018). Reply to Tagliabue. EMBO reports, 19(4). DOI.
Nerlich B, Hartley S, Raman S, Smith A (eds)(2018). Science and the Politics of Openness: Here be Monsters. Abstract.

2017

Wickson F, Preston C, Binimelis R, Herrero A, Hartley S, Wynberg R, Wynne B (2017). Addressing Socio-Economic and Ethical Considerations in Biotechnology Governance: the Potential of a New Politics of Care. Food Ethics, 1(2), 193-199. DOI.
Hartley S, Pearce W, Taylor A (2017). Against the tide of depoliticisation: the politics of research governance. Policy & Politics, 45(3), 361-377. Abstract. DOI.
Hyde R, Hartley S, Millar K (2017). European novel foods policy at a critical juncture: Drawing lessons for future Novel Food Regulation through a retrospective examination of Regulation EC 258/97. Food and Drug Law Journal, 72 (3), 472-505.
McLeod C, Hartley S (2017). Responsibility and Laboratory Animal Research Governance. Science, Technology, and Human Values
de Campos A, Hartley S, de Koning C, Lezaun J, Velho L (2017). Responsible innovation and political accountability: genetically modified mosquitoes in Brazil. Journal of Responsible Innovation, 4 (1), 5-23. DOI.
Helliwell R, Hartley S, Pearce W, O'Neill L (2017). Why are. <scp>NGO</scp>. s sceptical of genome editing?. EMBO reports, 18(12), 2090-2093. DOI.

2016

Hartley S, Gillund F, van Hove L, Wickson F (2016). Essential Features of Responsible Governance of Agricultural Biotechnology. PLOS Biology, 14(5), e1002453-e1002453. DOI.
Hartley S (2016). The treatment of social and ethical concerns in policy responses to agricultural biotechnology: an historical analysis. In  (Ed) The intellectual property–regulatory complex: Overcoming barriers to innovation in agricultural genomics.
Pearce W, Hartley S, Nerlich B (2016). Transparency: issues are not that simple. Nature, 531(7592), 35-35. DOI.

2015

Macnaghten P, Owen R, Stilgoe J, Wynne B, Azevedo A, Campo ALSD, Chilvers J, Dagnino R, Giulio GD, Frow E, et al (2015). Inovação responsável através de fronteiras: tensões, paradoxos e possibilidades. Teoria e Pesquisa, 24(2), 18-24. DOI.
Hartley S (2015). Policy masquerading as science: an examination of non-state actor involvement in European risk assessment policy for genetically modified animals. Journal of European Public Policy, 23(2), 276-295. DOI.

2014

Macnaghten PM, Owen RJ, Stilgoe J, Wynne B (2014). Responsible innovation across borders: tensions, paradoxes and possibilities. Journal of Responsible Innovation, 1(2), 191-199. DOI.
Hartley S, Millar KM (2014). The Challenges of Consulting the Public on Science Policy: Examining the Development of European Risk Assessment Policy for Genetically Modified Animals. Review of Policy Research, 31(6), 481-502. DOI.

2012

Brunk CG, Hartley S (eds)(2012). Designer Animals Mapping the Issues in Animal Biotechnology., University of Toronto Press. Abstract.
Brunk CG, Hartley S, Rodgers LC (2012). Focusing on the values in debates about animal biotechnology. In  (Ed) Designer animals: Mapping the issues in animal biotechnology.
Brunk C, Hartley S (2012). Issues of governance in animal biotechnology. In  (Ed) Designer animals: Mapping the issues in animal biotechnology.

2007

Skogstad G, Hartley S (2007). Science and policy-making: the legitimation conundrum. In  (Ed) Public science in liberal democracy: the challenge to science and democracy.

2006

Hartley S, Scott DN (2006). Out-of-bounds? Resisting discursive limits in the debate over food biotechnology. Canadian Review of Social Policy

2005

Hartley S, skogstad G (2005). Regulating genetically modified crops and foods in Canada and the United Kingdom: Democratizing risk regulation. Canadian Public Administration/Administration publique du Canada, 48(3), 305-327. DOI.

External positions

  • Member, International Advisory Panel, Synthetic Biology Future Science Platform, CSIRO, Australia
  • Member, UK BBSRC Working Group on Gene Drive
  • Chair, Maximising Impact Science Advisory Sub-Committee, Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation (CSIRO), Australia’s federal agency responsible for scientific research

Teaching

University of Exeter, Research-Inspired Teaching Award for BEM3055 Ethics and Responsible Innovation, 2018

I lead, teach and support responsible innovation for the School of Biosciences’ Exeter iGEM Teams.

iGEM is an International Genetically Engineered Machine Competition held in Boston, USA for undergraduates where teams build and test biological systems in living cells and are evaluated on the societal impact of their work.

Visiting lecturer at the University of Oslo’s Oslo Summer School in Comparative Social Science Studies. Taught: : Responsible Research and Innovation, 2017

Funding

Principle Investigator, University of Nottingham Science, Technology and Society Priority Group Award (2015) RRI tools for teaching responsible research and innovation

Modules

2021/22