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Research

Key publications



Cowling M, Couerderoy R, Murray G (2012). New technology firm survival and internationalisation. International Small Business Journal
Cowling M, Weixi L, Ledger A (2012). Small Business Financing in the UK Before and During the Current Financial Crisis. International Small Business Journal
Cowling M (2010). The Role of Loan Guarantee Schemes in Alleviating Credit Rationing. Journal of Financial Stability, 6(1), 36-44. Full text.
Cowling M (2008). Small Firm CEOs and Outside Directorships: Tenure. Demonstration and Synergy Effects. Manchester School, 76(2), 160-179. Full text.

Publications by category


Books

Cowling M, Hayward R (2000). Out of Unemployment., Research Centre for Industrial Strategy, Birmingham University.
Westall A, Cowling M (1999). Agenda for growth., Institute for Public Policy Research, London. Abstract.
Gavron R, Cowling M, Holtham G, Westall A (1998). The entrepreneurial society. London, Institute for Public Policy Research. Abstract.

Journal articles

Cowling M, Lee N (In Press). SMEs in deprived areas: Different firms or different problems?. International Small Business Journal Abstract.
Cowling M, Couerderoy R, Murray G (2012). New technology firm survival and internationalisation. International Small Business Journal
Cowling M, Weixi L, Ledger A (2012). Small Business Financing in the UK Before and During the Current Financial Crisis. International Small Business Journal
Cowling M (2010). Entrepreneurship, gender and job creation: European dynamics. , 19-39. Full text.
Cowling M (2010). The Role of Loan Guarantee Schemes in Alleviating Credit Rationing. Journal of Financial Stability, 6(1), 36-44. Full text.
Cowling M (2008). Small Firm CEOs and Outside Directorships: Tenure. Demonstration and Synergy Effects. Manchester School, 76(2), 160-179. Full text.
Cowling M (2007). Entrepreneurial Small Businesses Review. International Small Business Journal, 563-565.
Cowling M, Bygrave W (2007). Entrepreneurship, Welfare Provision and. Unemployment. Comparative Labor Law and Policy Journal, 28(4), 617-636.
Greene F, Tracey P, Cowling M (2007). Recasting the City into City Regions: Place Promotion, Competitiveness Benchmarking and the Quest for Urban Supremacy. Growth and Change, 38(1), 1-22.
Harding R, Cowling M (2006). Assessing the Scale of the Equity Gap. Small Business and Enterprise Development, 13(1), 115-132.
Cowling M, Taylor M, Mitchell P (2004). Job Creators. Manchester School, 72(5), 601-617.
Cowling M (2004). The Growth-Profit Nexus. Small Business Economics, 22(1), 1-9.
Meager N, Bates P, Cowling M (2003). An Evaluation of Business Start-up Support for Young People. National Institute Economic Review, 186(4), 59-72.
Cowling M, Mitchell P (2003). Is the Small Firms Loan Guarantee Scheme Hazardous for Banks?. Small Business Economics, 21(1), 63-71.
Cowling M (2003). Productivity and Corporate Governance in Smaller. Firms. Small Business Economics, 20(4), 335-344.
Kutsuna K, Okamura H, Cowling M (2002). Ownership Structures Pre-and-Post IPOs. Pacific Basin Finance Journal, 1(10), 163-181.
Westhead P, Howorth C, Cowling M (2002). Ownership and Managerial Differences between Family and Non-family Firms in the UK. Family Business Review, XIV, 369-387.
Westhead P, Howorth C, Cowling M (2002). Ownership and Managerial Issues in First Generation and Multi-generation Family Firms. Entrepreneurship and Regional Development, 1(14), 247-269.
Cowling M (2002). The Extent and Determination of Performance Related Pay Systems in Scandinavian Countries. Applied Economics, 1(34), 305-316.
Cowling M, Taylor M (2001). Entrepreneurial Women and Men: Two different species?. Small Business Economics, 16(3), 167-175.
Cowling M (2001). Fixed Wages or Productivity Pay: Evidence from 15 EU Countries. Small Business Economics, 16(3), 194-204.
Cowling M (2000). Are Entrepreneurs Different Across Countries?. Applied Economics Letters, 7(12), 785-789.
Cowling M (2000). Performance Related Pay in Belgium and the Netherlands. Applied Economics Letters, 7(10), 653-657.
Kutsuna K, Cowling M, Westhead P (2000). The Short-run Performance of JASDAQ Companies. Venture Capital, 2(1), 1-25.
Westhead P, Cowling M (1999). Agenda for Growth: is the Small Business Service on the right tracks?. New Economy, 6(4), 220-222.
Cowling M (1999). The Determination of Bank-Small Business Loan Premia in the UK. Applied Economics Letters, 6(4), 251-253.
Cowling M (1999). The Incidence of Loan Collateralisation in Small Business Lending Contracts. Applied Economics Letters, 6(5), 291-293.
Doi N, Cowling M (1999). The Structure of Transactions in the Japanese Small Business Sector. Small Business Economics, 12(1), 83-95.
Westhead P, Cowling M, Storey D (1998). Familienunternehmen im Vereinigten Konigreich-Vergleich mit Nicht-Familienunternehmen. IGA Zeitschrift fur Klein und Mittelunterbehmen, 46(3), 175-192.
Westhead P, Cowling M (1998). Family Firm Research: the need for a methodological rethink. Entrepreneurship, Theory and Practice,, 23(1), 31-56.
Cowling M (1998). Regional Determinants of Small Firm Loans Under the Loan Guarantee Scheme in the UK. Small Business Economics, 11(2), 155-167.
Cowling M (1998). The Entrepreneurial Society: a positive agenda for. the UK. Renewal, 6(3), 57-63.
Doi N, Cowling M (1998). The Evolution of Firm Size and Employment Share Distribution in Japanese and UK Manufacturing. Small Business Economics, 10(3), 283-292.
Cowling M, Mitchell P (1997). A Note and Summary Statistics for the Loan Guarantee Scheme. Small Business and Enterprise Development, 4(1), 43-48.
Westhead P, Cowling M (1997). Performance Contrasts between Family and Non-Family Unquoted Companies in the UK. International Journal of Entrepreneurial Behaviour and Research, 3(1), 30-52.
Cowling M, Mitchell P (1997). The Evolution of UK Self-employment: a study of government policy and the role of the macroeconomy. The Manchester School, LXV, 427-442.
Cowling M, Westhead P (1996). Small Firm Lending and Banks' Decision-Making Process: is it only a matter of size?. International Journal of Entrepreneurial Behaviour and Research, 2(2), 52-68.
Cowling M, Clay N (1996). Small Firms and Bank Relationships: a study. of cultural differences between English and Scottish banks. OMEGA, 24(1), 115-130.
Cowling M, Clay N (1995). An Analysis of Factors Influencing Take-Up Rates on the Loan Guarantee Scheme. Small Business Economics, 7(2), 141-152.
Westhead P, Cowling M (1995). Employment Change in Independent Owner Managed High Technology Firms in Great Britain. Small Business Economics, 7(2), 111-140.
Cowling M (1995). Initial Tests on the Sensitivity of the Parameters. of the UK Loan Guarantee Scheme. Public Finance, 50(3), 357-371.
Cowling M, Sugden R (1995). Small Firm Lending Contracts: Do banks differentiate between firms?. Journal of Small Business Finance, 4(1), 87-98.
Cowling M, Clay N (1994). An Assessment of the Loan Guarantee Scheme. Small Business and Enterprise Development, 1(Part 3), 7-13.
Cressy R, Cowling M (1994). Small Business Finance: the UK experience. European Journal of Venture Capital, 16-22.
Cressy R, Cowling M (1994). The Financing of European SMEs. European Journal of Venture Capital, 14-21.
Cowling M, Sugden R (1991). Small Firms and Scottish Banks. Fraser of Allender Quarterly Economic Commentary, 17(2), 64-69.

Chapters

Cowling M, Murray G, Bates P (2009). Promoting Equity Flows into Smaller Businesses: the UK Enterprise Investment Scheme and Venture. Capital Trusts. In Baptista R, Leitao J (Eds.) Public Policies for Fostering Entrepreneurship, Springer Verlag.
Harding R, Cowling M (2006). Assessing the Scale of the Equity Gap. In Butler JE, Lockett A, Ucbasaran D (Eds.) Venture Capital and the Changing World of Entrepreneurship, Information Age Publishing, 115-135.
Cowling M (2006). Early Stage Survival and Growth. In Parker S (Ed) The life cycle of entrepreneurial ventures, Springer Verlag, 477-504.
Westhead P, Cowling M, Storey D, Howorth C (2002). The Scale and Nature of Family Business. In Fletcher DE (Ed) Understanding the Small Family Business, London: Routledge.
Cowling M (1999). The Entrepreneurial Society in Practice. In Cowling KG (Ed) Industrial Policy in Europe, Routledge.
Cressy R, Cowling M (1998). The UK Loan Guarantee Scheme 1986-1995: a First Look. In Green B, Cressy R, Lewis M (Eds.) European Risk Management in Theory and Practice, Netherlands: Kluwer.
Westhead P, Storey D, Cowling M (1995). An Exploratory Analysis of the Factors Associated with the Survival of Independent High-Technology. Firms in Great Britain. In Chittenden F, Robertson M, Marshall I (Eds.) Small Firms: Partnerships for Growth, Paul Chapman Publishing, 63-99.
Cowling M, Cressy R (1995). Capital and Finance. In  (Ed) International Encyclopaedia of Business and Management, Thompson Business Press, 4491-4500.
Clay N, Creigh-Tyte S, Cowling M (1994). Employment and Human Capital. In  (Ed) The European Observatory for SMEs, Zoetermeer, Netherlands: EIM, 85-117.
Cressy R, Cowling M (1994). The Financing of Small Firms: UK Policies and Outcomes in the 1980s and 1990s. In Oloffson C, al E (Eds.) The Financing of SMEs, Sweden: EMIT.
Cowling M, Cressy R (1993). Capital and Finance. In  (Ed) The European Observatory for SMEs, Zoetermeer, Netherlands: EIM, 8.1-8.30.
Cowling M, Mitchell P, Creigh-Tyte S (1993). Trends in Self-Employment: Government Policy and the Role of the Macroeconomy. In  (Ed) Small Business in International Markets, Belfast: European Foundation for. Management Development, 124-145.
Middleton M, Cowling M, Samuels J, Sugden R (1992). Small Firms and Clearing Banks. In Dimsdale N, Prevezer M (Eds.) Capital Markets and Corporate Governance, Oxford: Clarendon Press, 141-160.
Cowling M (1991). Blue Circle: a Company History. In  (Ed) International Directory of Company Histories, Chicago: James Press, 669-671.

Conferences

Westhead P, Cowling M (In Press). Management and Ownership Issues in Family and Non-Family Companies. Institute for Small Business Affairs.
Cowling M, Fryges H, Licht G, Murray G (2006). Survival of High Technology Start-Ups in Germany and the UK. Babson Entrepreneurship Conference. Kelly School of Business, Indiana University.
Cowling M, Fryges H, Licht G, Murray G (2006). Survival of High Technology Start-Ups in Germany and the UK. Babson Entrepreneurship Research Conference. Babson College, MA.
Cowling M, Bygrave W (2003). Entrepreneurship and Unemployment: Relationships between unemployment and entrepreneurship in 37 nations participating in the Global Entrepreneurship Monitor (GEM) 2002. Babson Kauffman Entrepreneurship Research Conference. Babson College, MA.
Harding R, Cowling M, Levie J, Jones-Evans D, Brooksbank D (2003). How Important Are Regional Clusters As Hubs of Entrepreneurial Activity?. Babson Kauffman Entrepreneurship Research Conference. Babson College, MA.
Harding R, Cowling M, Levie J, Jones-Evans D, Brooksbank D (2003). How Important Are Regional Clusters As Hubs of Entrepreneurial Activity?. British Academy of Management Annual Conference. Harrogate, England.
Cowling M (2003). Small Firm CEOs and Outside Directorships. British Academy of Management Annual Conference. Harrogate, England.
Cowling M (2000). Aitana: a Case Study of Fast Growth. Joint United States and European Union Seminar.
Cowling M, Mitchell P (1997). Public Finance Initiatives for Promoting Smaller Firms. 53rd International Institute for Public Finance. Kyoto, Japan.
Cowling M, Westhead P (1996). An Inter-generational Comparison of Ownership and Management Issues in the Family Firm. Family Business Annual Conference.
Mitchell P, Cowling M (1996). Developing the Theory of Labour and Capital Inputs to the Self-employed, Entrepreneurial Firm. European Association of Labour Economists Papers. Crete.
Cowling M, Cressy R, Tether B (1995). Policy Developments. European Observatory for SMEs. EIM, Zoetermeer, Netherlands.

Reports

Cowling M, Harding R (In Press). GEM UK Regional Summary for the South West. South West of England Regional Development Agency.
Cowling M, Harding R (In Press). Social Entrepreneurs GEM UK: Specialist Summary. Barclays Bank.
Cowling M, Coad A, Nightingale P, Pellegrino G, Pellegrino M, Siepel J (2014). Innovative Firms and Growth. London, Department for Business, Innovation & Skills. Abstract.  Full text.
Cowling M, Oakley J (2009). Early Assessment of Business Link Health. Checks. Department for Business Innovation and Skills.
Nightingale P, Murray G, Cowling M, Baden-Fuller C, Mason C, Siepel J, Hopkins M, Dannreuther C (2009). From Funding Gaps to Thin Markets: UK Government support for early-stage venture capital. NESTA-BVCA.  Full text.
Cowling M, Murray G, Licht G (2008). Differences in Firm Structure, Innovation and Technological Positioning when the Customer is the Final Consumer. The Work Foundation / NESTA,  London.
Cowling M, Bates P, Murray G, Jagger N (2008). Study on the Effect of the Enterprise Investment Scheme (EIS) and Venture Capital Trusts (VCT) on Company Performance. HMRC,  London. Full text.
Tyers C, Sinclair A, James R, Lucy D, Cowling M, Gordon-Desagu V (2007). Constructing Better Health: Final Evaluation Report. Health and Safety Executive.
Cowling M (2007). Investors in People and Business Performance. IIP UK,  London.
Cowling M, Bevan S (2007). Job Matching and Training Intensity. Sector Skills Development Agency.
Tamkin P, Cowling M, Hunt W (2007). People and the Bottom Line. IIP UK,  London.
Pollard E, Barber L, Millmore B, Hunt W, Cowling M (2007). The Brighton Factor. Institute for Employment Studies / University of Sussex.
Cowling M, Murray G, Fryges H, Licht G (2007). The Survival and Growth of 'Adolescent' High-Tech Firms in Germany and the UK, 1997-2003. Anglo-German Foundation.
Cowling M, Bevan S (2007). Work and Enterprise Panel 2: Business Survey. Health and Safety Executive.
Pollard E, Tyers C, Tuohy S, Cowling M (2006). The relative impact of more in-depth careers support over the provision of information only. Department for Education and Skills.
Bevan S, Cowling M, Horner L, Isles N, Turner N (2005). Cracking the Performance Code. Rolls Royce, Hermes, PWC, EDF Energy, Manpower, Standard Chartered, Working Links, Microsoft, Astra Zeneca, RBS), the Work Foundation.
Cowling M, Lee N (2005). Northamptonshire Local Labour Market Report. Working Links.
Cowling M, Bevan S, Horner L, Isles N, Turner N (2005). People, Strategy and Performance: Report from 2nd. Work and Enterprise Survey. Department of Trade and Industry.
Cowling M, Harding R (2005). Social Enterprise UK Report. Barclays Bank.
Cowling M, Bevan S (2004). Report on 2nd Workplace Trends Survey. The Work Foundation.
Harding R, Cowling M (2004). The GEM UK Social Entrepreneurship Monitor. Barclays Bank.
Harding R, Cowling M, Ream M (2003). Achieving the Vision: Female Entrepreneurship. British Chambers of Commerce.
Harding R, Cowling M, Murray G (2003). Assessing the Scale of the Equity Gap. Her Majesty's Treasury & Small Business Service,  London.
Cowling M (2003). Creating Local Opportunity. Department for Work and Pensions,  London.
O'Reilly M, Hart M, Cowling M, Harding R (2003). GEM UK Regional Summary for Northern Ireland. Invest Northern Ireland.
Cowling M, Harding R, Levie J (2003). GEM UK Regional Summary for Scotland. Hunter Centre for Entrepreneurship, University of Strathclyde.
Cowling M, Brooksbank D, Jones-Evans D, Harding R (2003). GEM UK Regional Summary for Wales. Welsh Development Agency.
Cowling M, Harding R (2003). GEM UK Regional Summary for the East Midlands. East Midlands Development Agency.
Cowling M, Harding R (2003). GEM UK Regional Summary for the West Midlands. Advantage West Midlands.
Cowling M, Harding R (2003). High Growth Potential Businesses GEM UK: Specialist Summary. Ernst & Young.
Meager N, Cowling M, Bates P (2003). Princes Trust Business Evaluation: Final Report. Department for Education and Employment,  London.
Cowling M, Harding R (2003). The Effect of Intangibles on Productivity. The Work Foundation,  London.
Cowling M (2003). The Employment Contribution of the Self-Employed in the EU. Small Business Service.  Author URL.
Meager N, Cowling M, Bates P (2001). Princes Trust Business Evaluation: Wave 1 Report. Department for Education and Employment,  London.
KPMG, Cowling M (2000). National Survey of SME Borrowing Decisions. Her Majesty's Treasury,  London.
KPMG, Cowling M (1999). An Evaluation of the Small Firms Loan Guarantee Scheme. Department of Trade and Industry,  London.
Cowling M, Storey D (1998). Job Quality in EU Micro Firms. European Foundation for the Improvement of Living and Working Conditions,  Dublin.
Cowling M (1997). Estimating the Effects on Employment of a Reduction in VAT in Labour Intensive Industries. EIM,  Zoetermeer, Netherlands.
Westhead P, Cowling M, Storey D (1997). The Management and Performance of Family Businesses in the UK. Stoy Centre for Family. Business,  London.
Cowling M (1996). Business Start-up Legislation. Austrian Ministry for Economic Affairs.
Batstone S, Cowling M (1996). Technical Assistance for Institution/Capacity Building in Russia. European Commission.
Cowling M, Mitchell P (1995). Forecasting Defaults on the Loan Guarantee Scheme. Department of Trade and Industry, Small Firms Division,  Sheffield.
Clay N, Cowling M, Cressy R, Creigh-Tyte S (1994). Medium Sized Enterprises: an International Perspective. NatWest Mid Corporate Division,  London.
Cressy R, Cowling M (1994). The Financing of SMEs. EMIT, Swedish Ministry for Industry and Trade.
Cowling M, Storey D (1991). Economic Downturn Study. Warwick University Earned Income Group.
Cowling M (1991). Hanson: an Economic Performance Assessment. General and Municipal Boilermakers Union,  London.
Cowling M, Samuels J, Sugden R (1991). Small Firms and Clearing Banks. Association of British Chambers of Commerce,  London.

Publications by year



In Press

Cowling M, Harding R (In Press). GEM UK Regional Summary for the South West. South West of England Regional Development Agency.
Westhead P, Cowling M (In Press). Management and Ownership Issues in Family and Non-Family Companies. Institute for Small Business Affairs.
Cowling M, Lee N (In Press). SMEs in deprived areas: Different firms or different problems?. International Small Business Journal Abstract.
Cowling M, Harding R (In Press). Social Entrepreneurs GEM UK: Specialist Summary. Barclays Bank.

2014

Cowling M, Coad A, Nightingale P, Pellegrino G, Pellegrino M, Siepel J (2014). Innovative Firms and Growth. London, Department for Business, Innovation & Skills. Abstract.  Full text.

2012

Cowling M, Couerderoy R, Murray G (2012). New technology firm survival and internationalisation. International Small Business Journal
Cowling M, Weixi L, Ledger A (2012). Small Business Financing in the UK Before and During the Current Financial Crisis. International Small Business Journal

2010

Cowling M (2010). Entrepreneurship, gender and job creation: European dynamics. , 19-39. Full text.
Cowling M (2010). The Role of Loan Guarantee Schemes in Alleviating Credit Rationing. Journal of Financial Stability, 6(1), 36-44. Full text.

2009

Cowling M, Oakley J (2009). Early Assessment of Business Link Health. Checks. Department for Business Innovation and Skills.
Nightingale P, Murray G, Cowling M, Baden-Fuller C, Mason C, Siepel J, Hopkins M, Dannreuther C (2009). From Funding Gaps to Thin Markets: UK Government support for early-stage venture capital. NESTA-BVCA.  Full text.
Cowling M, Murray G, Bates P (2009). Promoting Equity Flows into Smaller Businesses: the UK Enterprise Investment Scheme and Venture. Capital Trusts. In Baptista R, Leitao J (Eds.) Public Policies for Fostering Entrepreneurship, Springer Verlag.

2008

Cowling M, Murray G, Licht G (2008). Differences in Firm Structure, Innovation and Technological Positioning when the Customer is the Final Consumer. The Work Foundation / NESTA,  London.
Cowling M (2008). Small Firm CEOs and Outside Directorships: Tenure. Demonstration and Synergy Effects. Manchester School, 76(2), 160-179. Full text.
Cowling M, Bates P, Murray G, Jagger N (2008). Study on the Effect of the Enterprise Investment Scheme (EIS) and Venture Capital Trusts (VCT) on Company Performance. HMRC,  London. Full text.

2007

Tyers C, Sinclair A, James R, Lucy D, Cowling M, Gordon-Desagu V (2007). Constructing Better Health: Final Evaluation Report. Health and Safety Executive.
Cowling M (2007). Entrepreneurial Small Businesses Review. International Small Business Journal, 563-565.
Cowling M, Bygrave W (2007). Entrepreneurship, Welfare Provision and. Unemployment. Comparative Labor Law and Policy Journal, 28(4), 617-636.
Cowling M (2007). Investors in People and Business Performance. IIP UK,  London.
Cowling M, Bevan S (2007). Job Matching and Training Intensity. Sector Skills Development Agency.
Tamkin P, Cowling M, Hunt W (2007). People and the Bottom Line. IIP UK,  London.
Greene F, Tracey P, Cowling M (2007). Recasting the City into City Regions: Place Promotion, Competitiveness Benchmarking and the Quest for Urban Supremacy. Growth and Change, 38(1), 1-22.
Pollard E, Barber L, Millmore B, Hunt W, Cowling M (2007). The Brighton Factor. Institute for Employment Studies / University of Sussex.
Cowling M, Murray G, Fryges H, Licht G (2007). The Survival and Growth of 'Adolescent' High-Tech Firms in Germany and the UK, 1997-2003. Anglo-German Foundation.
Cowling M, Bevan S (2007). Work and Enterprise Panel 2: Business Survey. Health and Safety Executive.

2006

Harding R, Cowling M (2006). Assessing the Scale of the Equity Gap. Small Business and Enterprise Development, 13(1), 115-132.
Harding R, Cowling M (2006). Assessing the Scale of the Equity Gap. In Butler JE, Lockett A, Ucbasaran D (Eds.) Venture Capital and the Changing World of Entrepreneurship, Information Age Publishing, 115-135.
Cowling M (2006). Early Stage Survival and Growth. In Parker S (Ed) The life cycle of entrepreneurial ventures, Springer Verlag, 477-504.
Cowling M, Fryges H, Licht G, Murray G (2006). Survival of High Technology Start-Ups in Germany and the UK. Babson Entrepreneurship Conference. Kelly School of Business, Indiana University.
Cowling M, Fryges H, Licht G, Murray G (2006). Survival of High Technology Start-Ups in Germany and the UK. Babson Entrepreneurship Research Conference. Babson College, MA.
Pollard E, Tyers C, Tuohy S, Cowling M (2006). The relative impact of more in-depth careers support over the provision of information only. Department for Education and Skills.

2005

Bevan S, Cowling M, Horner L, Isles N, Turner N (2005). Cracking the Performance Code. Rolls Royce, Hermes, PWC, EDF Energy, Manpower, Standard Chartered, Working Links, Microsoft, Astra Zeneca, RBS), the Work Foundation.
Cowling M, Lee N (2005). Northamptonshire Local Labour Market Report. Working Links.
Cowling M, Bevan S, Horner L, Isles N, Turner N (2005). People, Strategy and Performance: Report from 2nd. Work and Enterprise Survey. Department of Trade and Industry.
Cowling M, Harding R (2005). Social Enterprise UK Report. Barclays Bank.

2004

Cowling M, Taylor M, Mitchell P (2004). Job Creators. Manchester School, 72(5), 601-617.
Cowling M, Bevan S (2004). Report on 2nd Workplace Trends Survey. The Work Foundation.
Harding R, Cowling M (2004). The GEM UK Social Entrepreneurship Monitor. Barclays Bank.
Cowling M (2004). The Growth-Profit Nexus. Small Business Economics, 22(1), 1-9.

2003

Harding R, Cowling M, Ream M (2003). Achieving the Vision: Female Entrepreneurship. British Chambers of Commerce.
Meager N, Bates P, Cowling M (2003). An Evaluation of Business Start-up Support for Young People. National Institute Economic Review, 186(4), 59-72.
Harding R, Cowling M, Murray G (2003). Assessing the Scale of the Equity Gap. Her Majesty's Treasury & Small Business Service,  London.
Cowling M (2003). Creating Local Opportunity. Department for Work and Pensions,  London.
Cowling M, Bygrave W (2003). Entrepreneurship and Unemployment: Relationships between unemployment and entrepreneurship in 37 nations participating in the Global Entrepreneurship Monitor (GEM) 2002. Babson Kauffman Entrepreneurship Research Conference. Babson College, MA.
O'Reilly M, Hart M, Cowling M, Harding R (2003). GEM UK Regional Summary for Northern Ireland. Invest Northern Ireland.
Cowling M, Harding R, Levie J (2003). GEM UK Regional Summary for Scotland. Hunter Centre for Entrepreneurship, University of Strathclyde.
Cowling M, Brooksbank D, Jones-Evans D, Harding R (2003). GEM UK Regional Summary for Wales. Welsh Development Agency.
Cowling M, Harding R (2003). GEM UK Regional Summary for the East Midlands. East Midlands Development Agency.
Cowling M, Harding R (2003). GEM UK Regional Summary for the West Midlands. Advantage West Midlands.
Cowling M, Harding R (2003). High Growth Potential Businesses GEM UK: Specialist Summary. Ernst & Young.
Harding R, Cowling M, Levie J, Jones-Evans D, Brooksbank D (2003). How Important Are Regional Clusters As Hubs of Entrepreneurial Activity?. Babson Kauffman Entrepreneurship Research Conference. Babson College, MA.
Harding R, Cowling M, Levie J, Jones-Evans D, Brooksbank D (2003). How Important Are Regional Clusters As Hubs of Entrepreneurial Activity?. British Academy of Management Annual Conference. Harrogate, England.
Cowling M, Mitchell P (2003). Is the Small Firms Loan Guarantee Scheme Hazardous for Banks?. Small Business Economics, 21(1), 63-71.
Meager N, Cowling M, Bates P (2003). Princes Trust Business Evaluation: Final Report. Department for Education and Employment,  London.
Cowling M (2003). Productivity and Corporate Governance in Smaller. Firms. Small Business Economics, 20(4), 335-344.
Cowling M (2003). Small Firm CEOs and Outside Directorships. British Academy of Management Annual Conference. Harrogate, England.
Cowling M, Harding R (2003). The Effect of Intangibles on Productivity. The Work Foundation,  London.
Cowling M (2003). The Employment Contribution of the Self-Employed in the EU. Small Business Service.  Author URL.

2002

Kutsuna K, Okamura H, Cowling M (2002). Ownership Structures Pre-and-Post IPOs. Pacific Basin Finance Journal, 1(10), 163-181.
Westhead P, Howorth C, Cowling M (2002). Ownership and Managerial Differences between Family and Non-family Firms in the UK. Family Business Review, XIV, 369-387.
Westhead P, Howorth C, Cowling M (2002). Ownership and Managerial Issues in First Generation and Multi-generation Family Firms. Entrepreneurship and Regional Development, 1(14), 247-269.
Cowling M (2002). The Extent and Determination of Performance Related Pay Systems in Scandinavian Countries. Applied Economics, 1(34), 305-316.
Westhead P, Cowling M, Storey D, Howorth C (2002). The Scale and Nature of Family Business. In Fletcher DE (Ed) Understanding the Small Family Business, London: Routledge.

2001

Cowling M, Taylor M (2001). Entrepreneurial Women and Men: Two different species?. Small Business Economics, 16(3), 167-175.
Cowling M (2001). Fixed Wages or Productivity Pay: Evidence from 15 EU Countries. Small Business Economics, 16(3), 194-204.
Meager N, Cowling M, Bates P (2001). Princes Trust Business Evaluation: Wave 1 Report. Department for Education and Employment,  London.

2000

Cowling M (2000). Aitana: a Case Study of Fast Growth. Joint United States and European Union Seminar.
Cowling M (2000). Are Entrepreneurs Different Across Countries?. Applied Economics Letters, 7(12), 785-789.
KPMG, Cowling M (2000). National Survey of SME Borrowing Decisions. Her Majesty's Treasury,  London.
Cowling M, Hayward R (2000). Out of Unemployment., Research Centre for Industrial Strategy, Birmingham University.
Cowling M (2000). Performance Related Pay in Belgium and the Netherlands. Applied Economics Letters, 7(10), 653-657.
Kutsuna K, Cowling M, Westhead P (2000). The Short-run Performance of JASDAQ Companies. Venture Capital, 2(1), 1-25.

1999

Westhead P, Cowling M (1999). Agenda for Growth: is the Small Business Service on the right tracks?. New Economy, 6(4), 220-222.
Westall A, Cowling M (1999). Agenda for growth., Institute for Public Policy Research, London. Abstract.
KPMG, Cowling M (1999). An Evaluation of the Small Firms Loan Guarantee Scheme. Department of Trade and Industry,  London.
Cowling M (1999). The Determination of Bank-Small Business Loan Premia in the UK. Applied Economics Letters, 6(4), 251-253.
Cowling M (1999). The Entrepreneurial Society in Practice. In Cowling KG (Ed) Industrial Policy in Europe, Routledge.
Cowling M (1999). The Incidence of Loan Collateralisation in Small Business Lending Contracts. Applied Economics Letters, 6(5), 291-293.
Doi N, Cowling M (1999). The Structure of Transactions in the Japanese Small Business Sector. Small Business Economics, 12(1), 83-95.

1998

Westhead P, Cowling M, Storey D (1998). Familienunternehmen im Vereinigten Konigreich-Vergleich mit Nicht-Familienunternehmen. IGA Zeitschrift fur Klein und Mittelunterbehmen, 46(3), 175-192.
Westhead P, Cowling M (1998). Family Firm Research: the need for a methodological rethink. Entrepreneurship, Theory and Practice,, 23(1), 31-56.
Cowling M, Storey D (1998). Job Quality in EU Micro Firms. European Foundation for the Improvement of Living and Working Conditions,  Dublin.
Cowling M (1998). Regional Determinants of Small Firm Loans Under the Loan Guarantee Scheme in the UK. Small Business Economics, 11(2), 155-167.
Cowling M (1998). The Entrepreneurial Society: a positive agenda for. the UK. Renewal, 6(3), 57-63.
Doi N, Cowling M (1998). The Evolution of Firm Size and Employment Share Distribution in Japanese and UK Manufacturing. Small Business Economics, 10(3), 283-292.
Cressy R, Cowling M (1998). The UK Loan Guarantee Scheme 1986-1995: a First Look. In Green B, Cressy R, Lewis M (Eds.) European Risk Management in Theory and Practice, Netherlands: Kluwer.
Gavron R, Cowling M, Holtham G, Westall A (1998). The entrepreneurial society. London, Institute for Public Policy Research. Abstract.

1997

Cowling M, Mitchell P (1997). A Note and Summary Statistics for the Loan Guarantee Scheme. Small Business and Enterprise Development, 4(1), 43-48.
Cowling M (1997). Estimating the Effects on Employment of a Reduction in VAT in Labour Intensive Industries. EIM,  Zoetermeer, Netherlands.
Westhead P, Cowling M (1997). Performance Contrasts between Family and Non-Family Unquoted Companies in the UK. International Journal of Entrepreneurial Behaviour and Research, 3(1), 30-52.
Cowling M, Mitchell P (1997). Public Finance Initiatives for Promoting Smaller Firms. 53rd International Institute for Public Finance. Kyoto, Japan.
Cowling M, Mitchell P (1997). The Evolution of UK Self-employment: a study of government policy and the role of the macroeconomy. The Manchester School, LXV, 427-442.
Westhead P, Cowling M, Storey D (1997). The Management and Performance of Family Businesses in the UK. Stoy Centre for Family. Business,  London.

1996

Cowling M, Westhead P (1996). An Inter-generational Comparison of Ownership and Management Issues in the Family Firm. Family Business Annual Conference.
Cowling M (1996). Business Start-up Legislation. Austrian Ministry for Economic Affairs.
Mitchell P, Cowling M (1996). Developing the Theory of Labour and Capital Inputs to the Self-employed, Entrepreneurial Firm. European Association of Labour Economists Papers. Crete.
Cowling M, Westhead P (1996). Small Firm Lending and Banks' Decision-Making Process: is it only a matter of size?. International Journal of Entrepreneurial Behaviour and Research, 2(2), 52-68.
Cowling M, Clay N (1996). Small Firms and Bank Relationships: a study. of cultural differences between English and Scottish banks. OMEGA, 24(1), 115-130.
Batstone S, Cowling M (1996). Technical Assistance for Institution/Capacity Building in Russia. European Commission.

1995

Cowling M, Clay N (1995). An Analysis of Factors Influencing Take-Up Rates on the Loan Guarantee Scheme. Small Business Economics, 7(2), 141-152.
Westhead P, Storey D, Cowling M (1995). An Exploratory Analysis of the Factors Associated with the Survival of Independent High-Technology. Firms in Great Britain. In Chittenden F, Robertson M, Marshall I (Eds.) Small Firms: Partnerships for Growth, Paul Chapman Publishing, 63-99.
Cowling M, Cressy R (1995). Capital and Finance. In  (Ed) International Encyclopaedia of Business and Management, Thompson Business Press, 4491-4500.
Westhead P, Cowling M (1995). Employment Change in Independent Owner Managed High Technology Firms in Great Britain. Small Business Economics, 7(2), 111-140.
Cowling M, Mitchell P (1995). Forecasting Defaults on the Loan Guarantee Scheme. Department of Trade and Industry, Small Firms Division,  Sheffield.
Cowling M (1995). Initial Tests on the Sensitivity of the Parameters. of the UK Loan Guarantee Scheme. Public Finance, 50(3), 357-371.
Cowling M, Cressy R, Tether B (1995). Policy Developments. European Observatory for SMEs. EIM, Zoetermeer, Netherlands.
Cowling M, Sugden R (1995). Small Firm Lending Contracts: Do banks differentiate between firms?. Journal of Small Business Finance, 4(1), 87-98.

1994

Cowling M, Clay N (1994). An Assessment of the Loan Guarantee Scheme. Small Business and Enterprise Development, 1(Part 3), 7-13.
Clay N, Creigh-Tyte S, Cowling M (1994). Employment and Human Capital. In  (Ed) The European Observatory for SMEs, Zoetermeer, Netherlands: EIM, 85-117.
Clay N, Cowling M, Cressy R, Creigh-Tyte S (1994). Medium Sized Enterprises: an International Perspective. NatWest Mid Corporate Division,  London.
Cressy R, Cowling M (1994). Small Business Finance: the UK experience. European Journal of Venture Capital, 16-22.
Cressy R, Cowling M (1994). The Financing of European SMEs. European Journal of Venture Capital, 14-21.
Cressy R, Cowling M (1994). The Financing of SMEs. EMIT, Swedish Ministry for Industry and Trade.
Cressy R, Cowling M (1994). The Financing of Small Firms: UK Policies and Outcomes in the 1980s and 1990s. In Oloffson C, al E (Eds.) The Financing of SMEs, Sweden: EMIT.

1993

Cowling M, Cressy R (1993). Capital and Finance. In  (Ed) The European Observatory for SMEs, Zoetermeer, Netherlands: EIM, 8.1-8.30.
Cowling M, Mitchell P, Creigh-Tyte S (1993). Trends in Self-Employment: Government Policy and the Role of the Macroeconomy. In  (Ed) Small Business in International Markets, Belfast: European Foundation for. Management Development, 124-145.

1992

Middleton M, Cowling M, Samuels J, Sugden R (1992). Small Firms and Clearing Banks. In Dimsdale N, Prevezer M (Eds.) Capital Markets and Corporate Governance, Oxford: Clarendon Press, 141-160.

1991

Cowling M (1991). Blue Circle: a Company History. In  (Ed) International Directory of Company Histories, Chicago: James Press, 669-671.
Cowling M, Storey D (1991). Economic Downturn Study. Warwick University Earned Income Group.
Cowling M (1991). Hanson: an Economic Performance Assessment. General and Municipal Boilermakers Union,  London.
Cowling M, Samuels J, Sugden R (1991). Small Firms and Clearing Banks. Association of British Chambers of Commerce,  London.
Cowling M, Sugden R (1991). Small Firms and Scottish Banks. Fraser of Allender Quarterly Economic Commentary, 17(2), 64-69.

Details as at 2016-09-14 11:45:54