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Professor Erno Tornikoski

Professor Erno Tornikoski

Professor of Entrepreneurship, Director of the Centre for Entrepreneurship

3231

+44 (0) 1392 723231

0.86
Streatham Court, University of Exeter, Rennes Drive, Exeter, EX4 4PU, UK

Erno Tornikoski joined the University of Exeter in March 2019. Previously, he has held the posts of Professor at Grenoble Ecole de Management between 2011-2018, the Dean of Faculty and Research at ESC Saint-Etienne, and Associate Professor at EMLYON Business School. He received his Ph.D. is Management (Entrepreneurship) from ESSEC Business School (France) and Vaasa University (Finland). His research focuses on New venture creation (legitimacy, personal networks, lean start-up, decision-making logics, gender perspective); Effectual entrepreneurial process; Sustainable venturing; and Sustainability and technology-based entrepreneurship. His research has appeared in Journal of Business Venturing, Entrepreneurship Theory & Practice, Journal of Small Business Management, and International Small Business Journal, among others.

Nationality: Finnish

Qualifications

PhD

Links

Research interests

  • New venture creation
  • Effectual entrepreneurial process
  • Sustainablity and technology-based entrepreneurship

I focus on the new business creation process, and especially the nascent activities of individuals who are in the process of starting new businesses. I use several theoretical approaches to investigate and understand this crucial period of new business creation, such as Effectuation, Legitimacy, Personal networks, and Initial conditions. Empirically I have been generalist in entrepreneurship, and more recently starting to direct my research more and more towards technology-based startups and especially energy and sustainable related projects. Methodologically I have been using variance models (theory testing), more recently I have built an interest and curiosity towards qualitative process studies (theory generation), which I intend to focus more and more during the coming years.

Key publications | Publications by category | Publications by year

Publications by category


Journal articles

Tornikoski E, Maalaoui A (2019). Critical reflections – the Theory of Planned Behaviour: an interview with Icek Ajzen with implications for entrepreneurship research. International Small Business Journal Full text. DOI.
Jiang Y, Tornikoski ET (2019). Perceived uncertainty and behavioral logic: Temporality and unanticipated consequences in the new venture creation process. Journal of Business Venturing, 34(1), 23-40. Abstract.  Full text. DOI.
Maalaoui A, Tornikoski E, Partouche J, Safraou I (2019). Why Some Third Age Individuals Develop Entrepreneurial Intentions: Exploring the Psychological Effects of Posterity. Journal of Small Business Management Full text. DOI.
Laukkanen M, Tornikoski ET (2018). Causal mapping small business advisors’ belief systems: a case of entrepreneurship policy research. International Journal of Entrepreneurial Behaviour and Research, 24(2), 499-520. Abstract. DOI.
Rannikko H, Tornikoski E, Isaksson A, Löfsten H (2018). Survival and Growth Patterns among New Technology-Based Firms: Empirical Study of Cohort 2006 in Sweden. Journal of Small Business Management, 57, 640-657. Full text. DOI.
Tounés A, Tornikoski ET, Gribaa F (2018). The Formation of Environmentally Friendly Intentions of SME Owner-Managers in an Emerging Country: the Case of Tunisian’s Textile–Clothing Industry. Organization and Environment, 32, 528-554. Abstract.  Full text. DOI.
Tornikoski ET, Rannikko H, Heimonen TP (2017). Technology-Based Competitive Advantages of Young Entrepreneurial Firms: Conceptual Development and Empirical Exploration. Journal of Small Business Management, 55(2), 200-215. Abstract.  Full text. DOI.
Varamäki E, Joensuu S, Tornikoski E, Viljamaa A (2015). The development of entrepreneurial potential among higher education students. Journal of Small Business and Enterprise Development, 22(3), 563-589. Abstract.  Full text. DOI.
Tornikoski E, Renko M (2014). Timely creation of new organizations: the imprinting effects of entrepreneurs' initial founding decisions. Management (France), 17(3), 193-213. Abstract.
Joensuu S, Viljamaa A, Varamäki E, Tornikoski E (2013). Development of entrepreneurial intention in higher education and the effect of gender - a latent growth curve analysis. Education and Training, 55(8-9), 781-803. Abstract. DOI.
Varamäki E, Tornikoski E, Joensuu S, Ristimäki K, Blesa A, Ripolles M (2013). Entrepreneurial intentions among higher education students in Finland and Spain: Developing and piloting a survey instrument. International Journal of Information Systems in the Service Sector, 5(4), 1-16. Abstract. DOI.
Newbert SL, Tornikoski ET, Quigley NR (2013). Exploring the evolution of supporter networks in the creation of new organizations. Journal of Business Venturing, 28(2), 281-298. Abstract. DOI.
Kautonen T, van Gelderen M, Tornikoski ET (2013). Predicting entrepreneurial behaviour: a test of the theory of planned behaviour. Applied Economics, 45(6), 697-707. Abstract. DOI.
Newbert SL, Tornikoski ET (2013). Resource acquisition in the emergence phase: Considering the effects of embeddedness and resource dependence. Entrepreneurship: Theory and Practice, 37(2), 249-280. Abstract. DOI.
Tornikoski ET, Kautonen T, Le Loarne S (2012). Le rôle de l'âge dans l'intention entrepreneuriale: Quelles leçons sur les seniors ?. Revue Francaise de Gestion, 227(8), 95-109. DOI.
Newbert SL, Tornikoski ET (2012). Supporter networks and network growth: a contingency model of organizational emergence. Small Business Economics, 39(1), 141-159. Abstract. DOI.
Kautonen T, Tornikoski ET, Kibler E (2011). Entrepreneurial intentions in the third age: the impact of perceived age norms. Small Business Economics, 37(2), 219-234. Abstract. DOI.
Kautonen T, Luoto S, Tornikoski ET (2010). Influence of work history on entrepreneurial intentions in 'prime age' and 'third age': a preliminary study. International Small Business Journal, 28(6), 583-601. Abstract. DOI.
Tornikoski ET, Kautonen T (2009). Enterprise as sunset career? Entrepreneurial intentions in the ageing population. International Journal of Entrepreneurship and Small Business, 8(2), 278-291. Abstract. DOI.
Tornikoski ET, Puhakka V (2009). Exploring firm emergence: Initially conditioned or actively created?. International Journal of Entrepreneurship and Small Business, 7(1), 123-138. Abstract. DOI.
Tornikoski E (2009). Legitimating behaviors and firm emergence: a resource dependence perspective. International Entrepreneurship and Management Journal, 5(2), 121-138. Abstract. DOI.
Kohtamäki M, Tornikoski E, Varamäki E (2009). The strategic management competence of small and medium-sized growth firms. International Journal of Entrepreneurship and Small Business, 7(1), 139-150. Abstract. DOI.
Tornikoski ET, Newbert SL (2007). Exploring the determinants of organizational emergence: a legitimacy perspective. Journal of Business Venturing, 22(2), 311-335. Abstract. DOI.

Chapters

Varamäki E, Tornikoski E, Joensuu S, Ristimäki K, Blesa A, Ripolles M (2015). Entrepreneurial intentions among higher education students in Finland and Spain: Developing and piloting a survey instrument. In  (Ed) Economics: Concepts, Methodologies, Tools, and Applications, 759-775.  Abstract. DOI.
Tornikoski ET, Viljamaa A, Varamäki E (2015). Hybrid entrepreneurship during retirement: Comparison of motives and aspirations. In  (Ed) Entrepreneurship, Self-Employment and Retirement, 187-208. DOI.
Tornikoski ET, Viljamaa A, Varamäki E (2015). Hybrid entrepreneurship during retirement: Comparison of motives and aspirations. In  (Ed) Entrepreneurship, Self-Employment and Retirement, 187-208. DOI.
Fayolle A, Basso O, Tornikoski ET (2011). Entrepreneurial commitment and new venture creation: a conceptual exploration. In  (Ed) Handbook of Research on New Venture Creation, 160-182.

Publications by year


2019

Tornikoski E, Maalaoui A (2019). Critical reflections – the Theory of Planned Behaviour: an interview with Icek Ajzen with implications for entrepreneurship research. International Small Business Journal Full text. DOI.
Jiang Y, Tornikoski ET (2019). Perceived uncertainty and behavioral logic: Temporality and unanticipated consequences in the new venture creation process. Journal of Business Venturing, 34(1), 23-40. Abstract.  Full text. DOI.
Maalaoui A, Tornikoski E, Partouche J, Safraou I (2019). Why Some Third Age Individuals Develop Entrepreneurial Intentions: Exploring the Psychological Effects of Posterity. Journal of Small Business Management Full text. DOI.

2018

Laukkanen M, Tornikoski ET (2018). Causal mapping small business advisors’ belief systems: a case of entrepreneurship policy research. International Journal of Entrepreneurial Behaviour and Research, 24(2), 499-520. Abstract. DOI.
Rannikko H, Tornikoski E, Isaksson A, Löfsten H (2018). Survival and Growth Patterns among New Technology-Based Firms: Empirical Study of Cohort 2006 in Sweden. Journal of Small Business Management, 57, 640-657. Full text. DOI.
Tounés A, Tornikoski ET, Gribaa F (2018). The Formation of Environmentally Friendly Intentions of SME Owner-Managers in an Emerging Country: the Case of Tunisian’s Textile–Clothing Industry. Organization and Environment, 32, 528-554. Abstract.  Full text. DOI.

2017

Tornikoski ET, Rannikko H, Heimonen TP (2017). Technology-Based Competitive Advantages of Young Entrepreneurial Firms: Conceptual Development and Empirical Exploration. Journal of Small Business Management, 55(2), 200-215. Abstract.  Full text. DOI.

2015

Varamäki E, Tornikoski E, Joensuu S, Ristimäki K, Blesa A, Ripolles M (2015). Entrepreneurial intentions among higher education students in Finland and Spain: Developing and piloting a survey instrument. In  (Ed) Economics: Concepts, Methodologies, Tools, and Applications, 759-775.  Abstract. DOI.
Tornikoski ET, Viljamaa A, Varamäki E (2015). Hybrid entrepreneurship during retirement: Comparison of motives and aspirations. In  (Ed) Entrepreneurship, Self-Employment and Retirement, 187-208. DOI.
Tornikoski ET, Viljamaa A, Varamäki E (2015). Hybrid entrepreneurship during retirement: Comparison of motives and aspirations. In  (Ed) Entrepreneurship, Self-Employment and Retirement, 187-208. DOI.
Varamäki E, Joensuu S, Tornikoski E, Viljamaa A (2015). The development of entrepreneurial potential among higher education students. Journal of Small Business and Enterprise Development, 22(3), 563-589. Abstract.  Full text. DOI.

2014

Tornikoski E, Renko M (2014). Timely creation of new organizations: the imprinting effects of entrepreneurs' initial founding decisions. Management (France), 17(3), 193-213. Abstract.

2013

Joensuu S, Viljamaa A, Varamäki E, Tornikoski E (2013). Development of entrepreneurial intention in higher education and the effect of gender - a latent growth curve analysis. Education and Training, 55(8-9), 781-803. Abstract. DOI.
Varamäki E, Tornikoski E, Joensuu S, Ristimäki K, Blesa A, Ripolles M (2013). Entrepreneurial intentions among higher education students in Finland and Spain: Developing and piloting a survey instrument. International Journal of Information Systems in the Service Sector, 5(4), 1-16. Abstract. DOI.
Newbert SL, Tornikoski ET, Quigley NR (2013). Exploring the evolution of supporter networks in the creation of new organizations. Journal of Business Venturing, 28(2), 281-298. Abstract. DOI.
Kautonen T, van Gelderen M, Tornikoski ET (2013). Predicting entrepreneurial behaviour: a test of the theory of planned behaviour. Applied Economics, 45(6), 697-707. Abstract. DOI.
Newbert SL, Tornikoski ET (2013). Resource acquisition in the emergence phase: Considering the effects of embeddedness and resource dependence. Entrepreneurship: Theory and Practice, 37(2), 249-280. Abstract. DOI.

2012

Tornikoski ET, Kautonen T, Le Loarne S (2012). Le rôle de l'âge dans l'intention entrepreneuriale: Quelles leçons sur les seniors ?. Revue Francaise de Gestion, 227(8), 95-109. DOI.
Newbert SL, Tornikoski ET (2012). Supporter networks and network growth: a contingency model of organizational emergence. Small Business Economics, 39(1), 141-159. Abstract. DOI.

2011

Fayolle A, Basso O, Tornikoski ET (2011). Entrepreneurial commitment and new venture creation: a conceptual exploration. In  (Ed) Handbook of Research on New Venture Creation, 160-182.
Kautonen T, Tornikoski ET, Kibler E (2011). Entrepreneurial intentions in the third age: the impact of perceived age norms. Small Business Economics, 37(2), 219-234. Abstract. DOI.

2010

Kautonen T, Luoto S, Tornikoski ET (2010). Influence of work history on entrepreneurial intentions in 'prime age' and 'third age': a preliminary study. International Small Business Journal, 28(6), 583-601. Abstract. DOI.

2009

Tornikoski ET, Kautonen T (2009). Enterprise as sunset career? Entrepreneurial intentions in the ageing population. International Journal of Entrepreneurship and Small Business, 8(2), 278-291. Abstract. DOI.
Tornikoski ET, Puhakka V (2009). Exploring firm emergence: Initially conditioned or actively created?. International Journal of Entrepreneurship and Small Business, 7(1), 123-138. Abstract. DOI.
Tornikoski E (2009). Legitimating behaviors and firm emergence: a resource dependence perspective. International Entrepreneurship and Management Journal, 5(2), 121-138. Abstract. DOI.
Kohtamäki M, Tornikoski E, Varamäki E (2009). The strategic management competence of small and medium-sized growth firms. International Journal of Entrepreneurship and Small Business, 7(1), 139-150. Abstract. DOI.

2007

Tornikoski ET, Newbert SL (2007). Exploring the determinants of organizational emergence: a legitimacy perspective. Journal of Business Venturing, 22(2), 311-335. Abstract. DOI.

External positions

  • Associate Editor, Journal of Small Business Management
  • Consulting Editor, International Small Business Journal
  • Member of the Research Committee, Entrepreneurship Division, AOM
  • Member of the Board of Reviewers, Babson College Entrepreneurship Research Conference (BCERC)

In my teaching (undergraduate, graduate) I encourage participants to become active learners. I prefer asking the participants to work on real life start-up projects to make them experience some of the central the entrepreneurial challenges. I also use cases (printed, videos, etc.) to illustrate conceptual points and to engage the participants in discussions. Topic wise majority of my teaching has been concerned with entrepreneurship/new business creation (Opportunity identification & Evaluation; Customer Insights; Value Proposition Design; Business Model Design; Resource Acquisitions; Business Planning; Entrepreneurial Storytelling & Pitching, etc.).

During the past four years I have been training a diverse set of managers/cadres of Schneider Electric in France in Lean Innovation Discovery and Unique Value Proposition Design. 

Modules

2019/20