How Do Institutions Affect Corruption and the Shadow Economy.
Paper number: 05/05
Paper date: February 21, 2005
Paper Category: Working Paper
Axel Dreher, Christos Kotsogiannis and Steve McCorriston
This paper analyzes a simple model that captures the relationship between institutional quality, the shadow economy and corruption. It shows that an improvement in institutional quality reduces the shadow economy and aﬀects the corruption market. The exact relationship between corruption and institutional quality is, however, ambiguous and depends on the relative eﬀectiveness of the institutional quality in the shadow and corruption markets. The predictions of the model are empirically tested—by means of Structural Equation Modelling that treats the shadow economy and the corruption market as latent variables—using data from OECD countries. The results show that an improvement in institutional quality reduces the shadow economy directly and corruption both directly and indirectly (through its eﬀect on the shadow market).